The Non-bank financial institution (NBFI) sector may record substantial losses and display the weakest performance in the decade for FY21E says First Capital in their “All Doom & Gloom for NBFIs” report.
The report predicts that the sector ROE is expected to decline to -15% for FY21E.
It also says that the NBFI Sector requires raising Rs. 20 billion capital by 2021E to stay alive. In total NBFI industry has to raise nearly Rs 11.1 billion in 2020E to comply with the core capital requirement.
The report however adds that ‘Big cap’ Finance companies in the sector may benefit amid the comfortable capital levels.
“All Doom & Gloom for NBFIs” report points out that the sector has also been affected by the slower than-expected economic growth in Sri Lanka. “In line with the declining GDP growth, private credit reached 4% in 2019 while NBFI credit turned negative at -3%.”
NBFI sector had also started to feel the pressure of NPLs since 2018, but after having the full impact of the COVID19 as NBFI sector NPL spiked to 14.14% from 11.4%
NBFI sector profitability also plunged to a 5 year low as the targeted SME clientele struggled amid the crippling Tortoise economy spinning NBFI credit growth to negative.
Due to lacklustre growth in the sector, NBFIs were seen settling the bank borrowings while heavily depending on deposits for fund mobilization.
Funding profiles of Sri Lanka’s finance companies have been largely characterized by limited diversity, with deposits dominating the funding profile by 66% as of FY20. NBFI Sector borrowings plunge to 34% from 44% in FY17 amid the surge in liquidity in the system and lack of credit growth. However comparatively, larger players have settled their debt at a much rapid pace
With restriction on vehicle imports, motor registrations may halve to a 17-Yr low in 2020E. “We expect vehicle registrations in 2020E to record half of the last year amount while also being the lowest figure since 2003 and being subdued in 2021 as well.”
The Government decided to temporarily ban vehicle imports for at least a year to survive a possible forex crisis as average vehicle imports constitute nearly USD 800 million (4% of total imports) for the previous 13 years. Registered vehicle prices have shot up and as a result, competition is intensifying in the Leasing segment in the NBFI sector due to attractive rates by Banks.
“Despite the expected private credit recovery of 12% in 2021E and 2022E, we expect NBFI credit growth to be subdued at -5% in 2021E and partially recover to 6% in 2022E.”
Due to these factors the market share of NBFIs staggers at 9% for the last 3 years, but dipped over the six year Period.