Milestone marks from Mangala
- After completing year as Finance Minister insists sound macroeconomic fundamentals exist for stronger growth
- Higher tax revenue, investments, FDIs, export earnings, lower debt and poverty highlighted as wins
- Sri Lanka reaches upper middle income status
- Plans to launch
- Enterprise Sri Lanka Loan
- Scheme in June
- Enterprise Sri Lanka Mega Exhibition to be launched in Embilipitiya in August
- Aims to raise Budget allocations to education to 6% by 2025, healthcare to 3.5%
- Says majority of the debt repayments till 2021 for pre-2015 loans
- Challenges Rajapaksa to open TV debate on economy
Marking his first year, Finance Minister Mangala Samaraweera yesterday assured that the macroeconomic stabilisation efforts of the Government had been successful, and assured additional efforts were underway to put the country on a stronger growth footing.
Addressing a special media briefing held at the ministry, he pointed out that within the past year the Government had not only reduced the prices of essential goods but had now established the right fundamentals to promote growth over the next two years. In an attempt to defend the Government’s performance, the Finance Minister also challenged former president Mahinda Rajapaksa to an open debate on TV over the economy.
According to the Minister, tax revenue had increased to 12.6% of GDP in 2017 from 12.3% in 2016, while total government revenue had increased to 13.8% last year. In addition, total government expenditure had decreased to 19.4% in 2017 from 19.6% in 2016 while maintaining State investments at around 5% of GDP.
He noted that for the first time since 1992 the Government in 2017 had recorded an excess in the primary account and expected it to increase in the medium term. Pointing out that the current account had also recorded an excess, Samaraweera was optimistic the government could cover all recurrent expenditures from government revenue this year.
He also said the debt to GDP ratio, which was at 78.8% in 2016, had decreased to 77.6% in 2017. Samaraweera stated the 4.2% in 2017 was the second lowest unemployment rate ever recorded in history.
“The inflation is now at 1.6%, which is a 15-month low. The national savings increased to a record level of 33.9% in 2017, while the national investment too increased to 36.5%,” he added. The Minister also highlighted that Sri Lanka has now reached an upper middle income country level, with per capita income of $ 4,065 in 2017.
“The poverty index, which was at 6.7% in 2012, has now decreased to 4.1% in 2016, and we hope it will further reduce,” he added.
In terms of the external economy, Samaraweera said by the end of last year the country had $ 8 billion in reserves, sufficient for six months of imports; while asserting that there was an excess of $ 2.1 billion in Balance of Payment (BOP) last year. The Foreign Direct Investments (FDIs) recorded a historic high of $ 1.9 billion, while also posting a historic high of $ 11.4 billion in export revenue. Tourist arrivals also increased by 21%.
He emphasised the fact that the Budget had allocated a significant amount of funds for essential services such as education, health and housing, noting that the funds allocated for these services have been increased on an annual basis.
“In 2014, the former government allocated Rs. 190 billion for education, where as we increased it to Rs. 257 billion in 2017, which is 1.8% of the GDP. We hope to increase this 1.8% up to 6% by 2025. During the Rajapaksa regime they allocated only Rs. 138 billion for health and we have increased it to Rs.197 billion last year. We hope to increase the funds allocated for healthcare up to 3.5% of the GDP in the next few years. For housing schemes they allocated Rs. 173 billion and we increased it to Rs. 244 billion.”
He said the Rs. 55.8 billion revenue saved through the introduction of the pricing formula would be utilised to launch the Enterprise Sri Lanka Loan Scheme on 22 June in Colombo under the patronage of President Maithripala Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, while the Enterprise Sri Lanka Mega Exhibition will be held in August in Embilipitiya with the announcement of the rapid village development program ‘Gamperaliya’.
The Finance Minister disputed the assertions and figures of former President and Kurunegala District MP Mahinda Rajapaksa produced at various forums, adding that he was misleading the general public with false information.
Giving a breakdown of Sri Lanka’s debt repayments over the next three years, Samaraweera stressed that the majority of the settlements were for loans obtained prior to 2015.
“In 2019 the Government has to repay Rs. 4.2 trillion (Rs. 4,285 billion) and out of that 77% are for the loans obtained prior to 2015. The loans obtained by us are only Rs. 970 billion out of which 48% are to repay the installments of previously obtained loans. Out of the Rs. 3.7 trillion (Rs. 3,768 billion) that is due to be paid off in 2020, 77% are again for loans obtained by the former regime. We have obtained only Rs. 863 billion. In 2021, the Government has to pay Rs. 3.4 trillion (Rs. 3,441 billion), out of that 83% are for the Rajapaksa regime, while only Rs. 599 billion were obtained by the current government,” he added.
He said around 72% of the debt in 2030 comprised loans obtained by the Rajapaksa regime.
“For the next 12 years we have to pay a higher percentage of funds for the loans obtained by Rajapaksa and his crooks,” he added.
IRD opens 46,000 new tax files in April
Finance Minister Mangala Samaraweera yesterday said that a record number of 46,000 new tax files were opened at the Inland Revenue Department (IRD) last month.
“This opening of a record number of new tax files is a reflection that the general public has recognised it as a social obligation and not a responsibility. They have come forward to pay their due taxes as responsible citizens,” he told journalists in Colombo yesterday.
According to him, the tax revenue had increased to 12.6% in 2017 from 10.3%, while total government revenue had increased to 13.8% last year.