Dengue and Bodhi pooja

  • 19 Jun 2009 20:05:54 GMT

    People need to wake up.

    IF they don`t wake up, leaders are there to exploit the people, and every one will b in trouble.

    bodhi pooja will not work for a parasite.

  • 20 Jun 2009 01:50:28 GMT

    [Clean all garbage in the country with recycle system]

    Without garbage it would not be SRI LANKA!

    Sri Lankaawey Jaathika Rogaya DENGUE!!

    Dengu nam Sri Lanka

    Sri Lanka nam dengu

  • 20 Feb 2010 20:52:33 GMT

    Who is taking whom for a ride?

    [This week we reported several success stories in the healthcare sphere. Sri Lanka has virtually eradicated filaria, controlled malaria to the lowest level and is on the threshold of attaining Millennium Development Goals with regard to eradicating tuberculosis. This shows that Sri Lanka has committed healthcare workers, if they are properly guided and supplied with the necessary wherewithal to do their job.

    The Dengue eradication program unfortunately has not been so successful. In fact it has so far relied more on the vagaries of the weather than on human activity. It has been the practice of healthcare officials and others in charge to blame the weather and the community when the epidemic is on the rise and claim credit for themselves when dry weather sets in and the epidemic is on the wane. Nevertheless it rises again with unfailing certainty as no long-term remedies are taken.

    It has also been the custom to dangle Cuban expertise and Cuban bio-larvicide Bactivec (BTI) and lull the people into believing that something will be done soon to control the epidemic. There is no continuous effort to obtain community participation in cleaning the environs and in controlling mosquito breeding grounds. Any campaign that is started becomes only cosmetic for politicians and other participants are more interested in getting television footage than doing a good job of work. The mission is abandoned as soon as the TV crews leave.

    As far as Cuban expertise is concerned experts from that country had come to Sri Lanka three times and so far no result has been found. Various excuses have been given by certain stakeholder parties either to abandon the project or postpone it.]

  • 20 Feb 2010 20:53:39 GMT

    [We just give below certain news reports we ourselves have carried concerning Cuban assistance and the use of BTI.

    `According to the Healthcare and Nutrition Ministry Media Coordinator W. M. D. Wanninayake, the Bacillus Thuringenesis Israelensis Bacteria (BTI) will be brought to Sri Lanka within next few days.`(Daily News July 2, 2009)

    `Two Cuban epidemiologists Dr Ms Yelina and Dr Aramis Martinez arrived in Sri Lanka yesterday (21) morning` (Daily News July 22, 2009)

    `The Ministry in a press release yesterday said that Industrial Technology Institute (ITI) is the only local institution which has so far produced the BTI bacteria in a scientific manner and sought Ministry approval to produce it on a commercial scale... According to Dr Samarasekera the ITI will complete its production of BTI within the next 40 days, the release said.` (Daily News August 12, 2009)

    `Cuban epidemiologist Dr Aramis Martinez and Assistant Epidemiologist Dr Yelina Abang submitted their report on Dengue fever in Sri Lanka to the Healthcare Ministry yesterday, a Ministry spokesman said.` (Daily News August 15, 2009)

    `A Cabinet memorandum will be soon submitted to implement the recommendations included in the report submitted by two Cuban epidemiologists Dr Aramis Martinez and Dr Ms. Yelina.` (Daily News August 26, 2009)

    `The Healthcare and Nutrition Ministry will make arrangements within one month to coordinate between the Sri Lankan and Cuban Governments to obtain Cuban Air Force assistance to train Sri Lankan Air Force officers on aerial spraying of BTI using MI 17 helicopters, Healthcare and Nutrition Minister Nimal Siripala de Silva said.` (Daily News September 12, 2009)

    `Healthcare and Nutrition Minister Nimal Siripala de Silva will submit a Cabinet memorandum next Wednesday to obtain funds for the implementation of Dengue control measures recommended by the local experts` committee. The recommendations are based on the report submitted by Cuban epidemiologists, Healthcare and Nutrition Ministry sources said.` (Daily News September 19, 2009)

    `Cabinet approval has been granted for a memorandum submitted by Healthcare and Nutrition Minister Nimal Siripala de Silva to spend Rs 200 million on aerial spray of BTI (Bacillus Thuringenesis Israelenses) bacteria to control Dengue mosquito density, a Healthcare and Nutrition Ministry spokesman said.` (Daily News November 23, 2009)

    `..the Deputy Director General, Health Services, Public Health Dr Palitha Maheepala said that the Ministry will buy BTI bacteria from Cuba as soon as the Cabinet grants its ratification. Earlier the Cabinet granted the approval to spend Rs 200 million on aerial spray of BTI...` (Daily News February 20, 2010)

    Who is taking whom for a ride?]

  • 21 Feb 2010 02:09:25 GMT

    DENGUE Urgent prevention the only medicine

    2009 recorded the most number of people infected by the dengue virus (35,007) and the most number of people killed by it (346). Unfortunately, today, the chance of being infected by this deadly virus is a reality. This article explains the spread of the dengue virus over the past couple of years, thoughts from experts as to why the virus has taken such a dramatic turn for the worse, and finally, gives some of the basic facts about the dengue virus, that may help you avoid being bitten by the deadly dengue mosquito Prompt Action Needed, number of dengue cases in 2009 is dramatically high, when compared with previous years. In 2008, only 6,555 dengue cases were reported. However, in 2009, that number has risen to 35,007 cases. When looking at the data for 2010, the situation is even graver. The first 45 days of this year has reported 6,638 cases, compared with around 1,800 cases for the same period in 2009. If the number of cases continues at the current rate, there will be approximately 53,000 cases by the end of 2010. However, after looking at the weekly distribution of dengue cases for the last few years (Graph B), one thing that is apparent is that, the number of cases spike up between the months of May and August. If this spike between May and August is also accounted for, the actual number of dengue cases for this year could be well over 53,000.

    Dr. Nimalka Pannilahetti, Coordinator National Dengue Prevention Unit

    Coordinator- National Dengue Prevention Unit, Dr. Nimalka Pannilahetti acknowledged that there was a sharp rise in the number of cases over the past year. She said that lack of proper waste management has played a major role in the dengue virus being on the rise. In certain areas, there is very poor waste management. There is so much waste in which mosquitoes can breed in. Such places have accumulated for a while and have assisted dengue mosquito breeding .

    She also said that improved reporting has ensured that more cases have been recorded unlike in the past. Dr. Pannilahetti also said that the increase in the number of people travelling to and from the North and East, has also resulted in the dengue virus spreading across the country. You won t see symptoms of the virus immediately. After the war ended, people have been travelling much. So, if a person infected with the virus travels to several places before the symptoms show, there is a high likelihood that he will be bitten by mosquitoes that will in turn carry the virus to another person.

  • 21 Feb 2010 02:10:40 GMT

    When questioned on what new steps were being taken to combat the virus, Dr. Pannilahetti said that, they have started programmes to educate the public on how the dengue mosquito breeds and the importance of destroying such breeding places. There is only so much we can do. It is really up to the people to take responsibility and destroy places that breed mosquitoes. Some people don t realise the role they have to play in this, until a family member gets the dengue virus. You can t wait for that to happen . Furthermore, she added that, special instructions have been given to Medical Officers of Health (MOH), Public Health Inspectors (PHI), doctors and nurses, on the role they can play in curbing the spread of dengue.

    It was recently reported that Sri Lanka is the first country in the Asia Pacific region to successfully eliminate Malaria. The Nation queried from Dr. Pannilahetti why it was not possible to achieve the same success in fighting dengue. There are medicines for malaria, which will completely cure the patient. On the other hand, there is no direct medication for dengue. All we can do is treat the symptoms. The other reason is the malaria spreading mosquito rests in open areas such as walls, so it is easier to kill them by using the necessary sprays. However, the dengue mosquito is harder to kill in that manner, because they prefer to lay on clothes, and other hard to reach dark corners. This is why we haven t been able to combat dengue as successfully as we did malaria , she explained.

    Dr. Nihal Jayathilaka, Secretary- Ministry of Health & Nutrition

    Acting Secretary- Ministry of Health & Nutrition, Dr. Nihal Jayathilaka said that fighting dengue are two pronged. He explained that, on one hand, the government is trying to assist people already infected by dengue, by giving special instructions to doctors and nurses on how to deal with dengue patients. The other aspect of combating dengue is mosquito control. We need multi disciplinary action, in order to combat dengue properly. So, we are in the process of setting up a special task force to address this issue. The papers are prepared and we are now awaiting Cabinet approval. I will head the task force and it will comprise the Secretary or a representative from the Education ministry, Environmental ministry, Media ministry, representatives from the provincial and local governments, the Director General of Health Services, chief of the Epidemiology Unit, the Coordinator of the Dengue Control Unit and a representative from the WHO, Dr. Jayathilaka said. He also added that the ministry intends to significantly increase funding to combat dengue.

  • 21 Feb 2010 02:14:29 GMT

    Saliya Chandrakumara, Secretary- Health Inspectors Union

    PHIs are responsible for inspecting dengue breeding grounds, advising the public on ways to prevent the spread of dengue, and taking legal action against those who do not destroy dengue breeding grounds. Secretary- PHI Union, Saliya Chandrakumara said, We inspect areas that are known to be infested with dengue mosquitoes. If we see mosquito breeding grounds, we advise the owners to destroy such locations. If they don t take any action, then we send them an official notice. If still no action is taken, then we take legal action.

    However, Chandrakumara noted that they face several serious drawbacks when performing their job to safeguard the public from the dengue menace. One of the major problems is that we don t get enough support when we try to pursue legal action. The Prevention of Mosquito Breeding Act was introduced in 2007. We saw some major flaws in the Act and informed the necessary people several times about these deficiencies. However, in 2009, the Act came into force, and no one had even considered the amendments that we suggested. There are several adverse consequences of our suggestions being ignored. One such consequence is that, if we decide to take legal action against someone who has not taken steps to destroy mosquito breeding places, that person can easily get away from litigation, if he has a good lawyer who has read this Act properly. There are loopholes in this Act. If the officials are serious about reducing the spread of dengue, they need to plug these loopholes .

    Chandrakumara also pointed out that funds received for dengue prevention are not being properly allocated. He said that in certain areas, even the travel costs of PHIs has not been paid. He queried how proper inspections can be carried out under such circumstances.

    Facts about Dengue Symptoms

    The first symptoms of dengue fever are headaches, chills, vomiting, aches and pain in joints, low back pain that may be followed by a spread of bright red spots around the body. These symptoms become apparent three to 15 days after being stung by the virus carrying mosquito. The temperature can rise to an uncomfortably high 40 degrees Celsius within a few hours, after the initial display of symptoms. Glands in the neck and groin will swell, followed by reddening of the eyes. These initial symptoms will last two to four days, after which the fever will drop rapidly.

    After the fever drops to normal, the patient will enjoy one or two days of feeling completely normal. However, this lull is again followed by high fever and a rash that spreads all over the body, except on the face.

  • 21 Feb 2010 02:16:04 GMT

    Treatment

    As of yet, there is no antibiotic or medicine to specifically cure dengue, because it is a virus. The medication done when you are diagnosed as a dengue patient, is to reduce the symptoms that accompany the virus. Doctors stress on the importance of constant intake of fluids to keep the body hydrated.

    Non-steroidal medicine and aspirin should be avoided, because they will exacerbate any internal bleeding.

    The Dengue Mosquito

    (Aedes aegypti)

    The dengue virus does not spread from person to person. It can only spread by being bitten by a mosquito that is already carrying the virus.

    The Aedes aegypti mosquito that has stripes and black spots on its legs spreads, the dengue virus. This mosquito usually bites people during the daytime, it lives indoors and likes to hide under dark furniture, within dark clothes and pots. It usually bites people s ankles and feet, it is harder to catch because it moves very quickly, the bite is usually painless, therefore, people may not even feel the sting.

    Unlike most other mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti does not breed in dirty swaps and drains. The usual breeding grounds are places that collect rain and run off water such as plant pots, jars, open cans, tires, blocked roof gutters, boats, buckets and unused wells.

  • 21 Feb 2010 03:02:28 GMT

    [That may explain why the city fathers et al have failed so pathetically to keep the city clean]

    So.....who cares!! The City may not be clean but the City Fathers (or step fathers) have certainly not failed. The Main `Father of the City` has emerged from a pennyless three wheeler driver to a multi millionaire within five years and the other `City Fathers` too who were Simple Simons selling hunbmle pies are today millionaires hob-nobbing with the high and mighty!!!

    So who is it who has failed???????? The voting idiots in the country!!!