With the establishment of archeology in Ceylon in late 1880`s by H.C.P Bell, searching for lost cities and treasures of old began.
It can be said that all parts of this isle have been scrutinized as much as Egypt or Greece. With more than 100years of archeology, yet neither proof of either a Tamil Kingdom nor the existence of major Tamil populations in the Northern or Eastern regions of Lanka, as envisaged by the Eelamists has ever been found. There are many excuses used by Tamil groups for this, ranging from from the Portuguese destroyed everything too, that the archeological dept is discriminatory etc etc But the reality is if these tall tales are true. Then of these great Tamil cities, their should still be something to behold in one form or another, one would think anyways ?
The majority of all evidences of Hindu temples/artwork and South Indian peoples though, have been within and around the Capitals. These are not indigenous but of invaders from India. One only needs to visit the Colombo National Museum and see that the majority of all Hindu artwork is from Polonnuwara. Certainly this makes sense, as this city was under Chola rule and was even renamed as Jananathapuram by Rajaraja I, 10th Century AD. The few items that have been found in the Jaffna peninsular, have been confirmed as been of Indian origin, so no indigenous Tamil artifacts thus far have been found e.g. Chola temple on Delft Island.
Historically speaking about Jaffna though
It was at the ancient port of Jambukola, the present Sambiliturai, in the Jaffna peninsula, that the envoys of the great Sinhala King, Devanampiyatissa embarked/disembarked to and from Ceylon on their mission to the court of Asoka.
It was also at this port that the Theri Sanghamitta and her retinue had disembarked when they came from India with a branch of the Bodhi tree from Buddhagaya during the reign of Devanampiyatissa. To try and claim these events as belonging to Tamils, an attempt has been made to re-write the Kings name in a Tamil form, as Devanampiyatissan.
The Theri and her retinue were received by Devanampiyatissa, who had come to Jambukola from Anuradhapura. King Devanampiyatissa built three Buddhist shrines, namely the Jambukola Vihara, the Tissamaha Vihara and the Pacina Vihara and planted a Bo sapling in the Jaffna peninsula.
The gold plate inscription discovered at Vallipuram near Point Pedro reveals that, during the reign of Vasabha, Jaffna peninsula was governed by a minister of that King and that a Buddhist Vihara named Piyaguka Tissa had been built there by that Minister.
According to the Mahavamsa, Kanittha Tissa(167-186AD) during his reign at Anuradhapura repaired the cetiyaghara of the Tissamaha Vihara in the Jaffna peninsula and King Voharaka Tissa (209-231AD) during his reign effected improvements to that Vihara. The Culavamsa records that King Aggabodhi II(571-604) built a Relic House and a dwelling place named Unhaloma for the monks of the Rajayatana Vihara in Nagadipa and granted a village there for the provision of rice gruel to the monks living there.
Although, as said not even a single Tamil inscription belonging to any of those so-called Tamil rulers of Jaffna in and around the Jaffna District have been found, a few Sinhala, Tamil and Sanskrit inscriptions belonging to Kings of Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa & also Chola have been discovered from some sites in and around the Jaffna District.
In addition to the Gold plate inscription and the Parakramabahu inscription found in the Jaffna District, other Sinhala inscriptions include, of Dappula IV who ruled at Anuradhapura during the 10th Century A.D. have come to light from that District of these, one was discovered at Kandarodai, the ancient Kadurugoda Vihara, a Buddhist Temple in Uduvil and the other at Tunukai in the D.R.O.s, division of Punakar. A few more inscriptions belonging to some Sinhala kings have also been found at various places around the District of Jaffna we may mention among them, the Triyaya Sanskrit inscription of Aggabodhi VI(733-772), the Tiruketisvaram Pillar inscription of Sena II(853-887), the Mannar Kacceri pillar inscription of Kassapa IV (898-914), a 10th Century slab inscription at Kurundanmalai near Mulaitivu dated in the reign of a Sinhala king named Abhasalamevan, the Palmottai slab inscription of Vijayabahu (1055-1110) and the Kantalai or Ganthalawa stone seat inscription of Nissankamalla (1187-1196).
The oldest Tamil inscription found in Jaffna, has been in Nagadipa. This inscription of the 11th Century though, is by the Sinhala King, Parakramabahu the Great and its regarding ship wrecks and taxes on Urathota(Kayts). According to Dr. Karthigesu Indrapala, the editor of this inscription and a former Professor of History of the University of Jaffna, `the fact that this edict was issued not by any subordinate official but by the King himself, shows that the monarch was in supreme control of the northern most region of the island`.
Also of interest is the Madu Kanda Temple. The birth place of, Nandimitra Yodhaya. This temple is in Vavuniya and can now be accessed.
Apart from the many ancient Sinhala Buddhist monuments that stand silent today, not much else is there to show of its past. Although, according many supporters of the Tamil Homelands concept, apparently hundreds of Tamil Kovils and even educational Institutions, including a grand library, stood before the Portuguese destroyed them. It is remarkable that none of these monuments bricks have ever even been located!
Even the Kotte Kingdom, decimated by the Portuguese, still bares identifiable sites of where once great monastic temples stood, also where collages, palaces etc etc once stood are known as well.
So in laymen`s terms .This so called Tamil Kingdom , on the other hand has left Nothing, did Nothing, built Nothing, No forms Irrigation systems, No ruins of Palaces or Temples or anything else, No inscriptions, No written history, Nothing left behind for posterity but still according to Tamil historians, it had existed for more than 400 years and even maybe, for more than 2000 years.....Extrodinary!
At the same time, their are more than 300 Buddhist temples built by Sinhalese Kings. Which bare Sel Lipi, Artworks (Statues of Buddha and Gods), Sinhala Dagaba`s etc etc.....So why aren`t any of these so called magnificent buildings built by Tamils also still their???? Common sense, dictates that something substantial would be there, if these tall tales were indeed true!!