Many LTTE innovations, such as explosive belts, vests, and bras; using female suicide bombers and waterborne suicide attacks against ships, have been copied by other terrorist groups; an annual US report on worldwide terrorism said.
The report - `Country Reports on Terrorism` - released on Monday, covers developments in countries in which acts of terrorism occurred, countries that are state sponsors of terrorism, and countries determined by the US Secretary of State to be of particular interest in the global war on terror.In an overview of the terrorism situation in South Asia, the report said in Nepal and Sri Lanka, terrorism carried out by the Maoists and the LTTE posed a severe challenge to those governments.
The report further said the 2002 cease-fire between the Sri Lankan government and the LTTE, a designated Foreign Terrorist Organization, continued to erode last year amidst numerous violations and escalating military engagement between the LTTE and government security forces.
`The LTTE conducted a campaign of targeted assassinations against political and military opponents. This included the April assassination attempt on Sri Lanka Army Commander Sarath Fonseka and the assassination of the Army Third-in-Command; the August 12 assassination of the Government Peace Secretariat Deputy Director Keteshwaran Loganathan and the December 1 suicide bomber`s attempt on the life of Defence Secretary Gothabaya Rajapaksa.`
The report said in 2006 the LTTE financed itself with contributions from the Tamil Diaspora in North America, Europe, and Australia and by imposing local `taxes` on businesses operating in the areas of Sri Lanka under its control. Using this money, LTTE weapons were purchased on the international black market or captured from the Sri Lankan Army.
Sri Lankan cooperation with the FBI has resulted in arrests of persons charged with material support to terrorist groups and the Sri Lankan government, cooperated with U.S. efforts to track terrorist financing, although no assets were identified.
The United States also provided training for relevant Sri Lankan government agencies and the banking sector. The government cooperated with the United States to implement both the Container Security Initiative and the Megaports programme at the port of Colombo.
The country report on terrorism also notes that the Karuna faction, a dissident faction of the LTTE, conducted its own assassination campaign against the LTTE and pro-LTTE civilians in the east.
U.S. law requires the Secretary of State to provide Congress, by April 30 of each year, a full and complete report on terrorism with regard to those countries and groups meeting criteria set forth in the legislation.
As provided in the legislation, the report reviews major developments in bilateral and multilateral counter-terrorism cooperation as well.
The report also provides information on terrorist groups responsible for the death, kidnapping, or injury of Americans, any umbrella groups to which they might belong, groups financed by state sponsors of terrorism, reports on all terrorist organizations on the Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) list and other terrorist groups determined by the Secretary to be relevant to the report. The LTTE is listed as a terrorist organization in the US.