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The coastal Sinhala Karawa, Durawa and Salagama people are mainly Tamil and other South Indians origin but sadly the descendants of Tamils are the ardent defenders of Sinhala Buddhist chauvinism and anti Tamil racism today.

Monday, 15 September 2008 - 8:06 AM SL Time


While it is a fact that the majority of the people of Sri Lanka today are Sinhalese, yet it has to be accepted that a very large number of them are descendants of South Indian Tamils who had come to the Island throughout the ages as peaceful migrants or South Indian(mainly Tamil)mercenaries or as warriors of Pandyan and Chola kings who settled here and were Sinhalised during course of time.

We can say very confidently that it is because of the Portuguese colonization that the Sinhalese find themselves as an overwhelming majority in Sri Lanka today viz a viz the Tamil minority. As Sri Lanka`s written historical annal, the Mahavamsa, mentions, ethnic Tamils have found themselves in Sri Lanka in a political culture that promoted Buddhism from the beginning of written history.

As a consequence, ethnic Tamils have assimilated into Sinhala Buddhist identity at varying rates since that time. It is no different than the invading Normans and Danes, as well as the indigenous Celts, becoming English over a period time in England.

This never ending process of amalgamation which is going on even today should have originated from the earliest time, well before the coming of Vijaya. This is the only way to explain the presence of Tamil or Tamil derived words even in the Pali chronicles. Most of the ancient names of rivers mentioned in the Mahavamsa are Tamil words. e.g. Kadamba Nadi, Mahakandara Nadi, Gona Nadi, Gambira Nadi etc ( Nadi = River in even in the present day Tamil).


KARAWA - KARAVE- KURUKULA

Along with the Mukkuvar and Paravar, they are coastal inhabitants of Sri Lanka. They are believed to have originated from the currently insignificant Karaiyar caste of fishers from Tamil Nadu. Alternatively, they are believed to have come from the coastal area known as the Coromandal coast of South India. These three fishing-related social groups are also found in Tamil Nadu and are regionally distributed with each group dominating a certain coastal belt. Karaiyar are found north of Tanjore in Tamil Nadu well into the Andhra Pradesh coastal areas.


SANSKRITIZATION:

Along with many so called Shudra castes of Tamil Nadu they have sanskritized their name to Kurukulam, indicating an origin from North India and Kshatriya origins. It should be noted that related Paravas have upgraded their name to Bharathas and other depressed groups such as Sakkiliar have changed their name to Arunthathiyas and Parayar to Sambavas to enable social upgrading. In Sri Lanka too the Karave claim Kuru ancestry thus assimilating with the majority Sinhalese people.

Few Karave north of Chilaw still speak Tamil but most of them south of Colombo are native Sinhala speakers and have become devoted Catholics and Buddhists with very little vestige of their former Hindu religion. Shudra or Sudra is the fourth caste or Jat in the traditional four-section division in Indian society.

Sanskritisation is a term coined by late Indian sociologist M.N.Srinivas, to define the process by which castes placed lower in the caste hierarchy seek upward mobility by emulating the rituals and practices of the upper or dominant castes.

Conversion of paravas by Francis Xavier, in a 19th-century colored lithograph Parava or Paravas, also known as Bharathar, Paravar, Meenparavar and Fernandos, is one of the oldest Tamil castes.
Along with other South Indian-derived castes, such as SALAGAMA and DURAVE they make a sizeable number of people among the coastal Sinhalese sub group (See Caste in Sri Lanka).

South India is a geographic and linguistic-cultural region of India. SALAGAMA (Halagama, Haali or Chaliya) is a Sri Lankan cinnamon peelers caste found mostly in Southern coastal areas, especially in the villages around Hikkaduwa and Balapitiya in Galle district.

DURAVE or Durava are traditionally toddy tapping social group or caste amongst the Sinhalese Buddhists of Sri Lanka. The system of Caste in Sri Lanka is a division of society into strata, differing somewhat from the classic Varnas of North India but is similar in nature to the Jati system found in South India.


FROM NOBODIES TO SOMEBODIES:

Most KARVE were initially converted to the Catholic religion by the Portuguese colonials after their arrival in 1505 CE. Thus introduced to the market economy via the colonial connection, Karave began their social and economic climb from nobodies to elites as noted by sociologists. Although the strides made thus far by a few lineages are impressive, a great many of them still languish at the bottom as day-to-day fishers with very little opportunity for material wealth.

Now the Karave are very vocal about their Sinhala Buddhist identity and drive the nationalistic political parties such as the SLFP and JVP, both aligned to SINHALA NATIONALISM.:)))

Some sociologists have commented that the current civil war in Sri Lanka has become a vehicle by which both the Karaiyar and Karave have sought to marginalize the traditional elites by taking extremely partisan but opposite views.


PATABENDIGE:

Patabendige (also referred to as Patangatim, Pattangatti, Pattankatti in historical sources) is one of the most prevalent g? names among the Karava race of Sri Lanka.

The Portuguese historian Fr. Queyroz describes an early Portuguese battle in Sri Lanka as follows:

At that time the Kinglet of the Careas appeared with the whole might of that kingdom which exceeded 20,000(Queyroz 631). Valentyn too notes that the chiefs of Sri Lanka were from among the Kar?vas (Valentyn 1726). During this period, Chem Nayque and other Karavas were the Naval commanders of the Nayaks of Tanjore (Queyroz, 638). But in addition to manning the Navy, the Karavas have also been handling trade activities for them. For example the Patangatim of Mannar had been responsible in the early 1600s for arranging the sale of pearls in the Nayaks? territory in India. (Pieris The Kingdom of Jaffnapatnam )

(Picture: A flag which belonged to Don Pedro Arsecularatna of Maggona, depicting the arrival of a group of Karava chiefs and retainers.)


Source(s)
http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia

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Thivya
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 01:07:07 GMT  Report for Abuse  
The coastal littoral of southern Sri Lanka was inhabited by simple folk of South Indian origin whose main livelihood was fishing, pearling, toddy tapping, cinnamon peeling and being the cannon fodder of local petty kings and chiefs in their constant fights.

These were, by and large, Tamil or Malayalam ( The daughter language of Tamil) -speaking Hindus as can be attested by the 'Ge' or house names of their descendants today in South Sri Lanka. Their primary function of fishing and toddy taping had prevented them, namely the Karave, Salagama & Durave castes, from being absorbed into Buddhism as fishing and toddy tapping were abhorrent functions to the Buddhists.


Arasa Marakkalage - House of the chief boat owner
Arasa = Royal - Marakalam = Boat or Ship (Pure Tamil Name)

Arukatti Patabendige - House of the warrior
Arukatti = Sharp Knife or Sword (Pure Tamil Name)

Ilandarige House of the youngster
Ilandari = Young/Virile Man (Pure Tamil Name)

Kankanamage House of the supervisor
Kankani = Supervisor (Pure Tamil Name)

Kinnarage House of the mat weaver
Kinnarar = Weaver (Pure Sangam Tamil)

Kovilge House of the temple keeper
Kovil= Temple (Pure Tamil Name)

Mandadiralage - House of the fishing captain
Mandadi = Ship or a Captain fishing vessel (Pure Tamil Name)

Marumakage House of the son-in-law
Marumakan = Son in law (Pure Tamil Name)

Panikkige House of the worker
Panikkan - ancient Tamil name for Elephant minder or the guy who gives Betel leaves and condiments to the King

Pennkutti Patabendige House of the female warrior
Pennkutti = Young woman/ youngest daughter (Tamil and Malayali origin)

Sembu Kuttige House belonging to the clan of Sembu, or of the metal pot maker
Sempu= Pot made out of Brass or Copper (Pure Tamil name)

Sellaperumage - House belongining to the clan of Sella Perumal (Pure Tamil name)

Tantrige House of the shaman
Thanthiri = Tamil and Malayala origin for the Temple priest

Thevaraperumage - House of the singer of sacred songs in temples (sacred songs are known as Thevaram in Tamil) Even the Tamils of Tamil Nadu lost this tradition of naming after the sacred Tamil hymns of Thevram sung by sacred Saivite Saints but the Sinhalese (former Tamils) and Eelam Tamils still continue the tradition.

Tuppakige House of the gun soldier (Tuppaki is an Indian Tamil (dialect) term for Gun in Sinhalese it is Tuvakuva)

Vaduge House of the northerner, for Nayaka soldiers
Vadugar = Mercenary Soldiers of Telegu origin (In jaffna the Vadugars are low caste)

Varnakula Aditya Arasanilayitta, shortened to Varnage (an elaborate Tamil title for a clan or tribal chief)

Apart from Ge names, they also use Iberian-derived surnames such as De Silva, Perera, Fernando and Mendis owing to their initial contact with Portuguese colonials.


Saliya a Malayalee caste: The myth of Brahmin origin may have originated in Kerala, where the Saliya have a myth of similar origin . It is significant that in the Kandyan areas the Salagamas were identified as weavers (Wiyana Haali), which is the same as the Saliya in Kerala and Karnataka. Saliya (or Chaliyan or sali or sale) is a Malayali weavers caste found mostly in Northern Kerala.



Edited By - Thivya - 15 Sep 2008 04:36:20 GMT
KURAL
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 01:17:42 GMT  Report for Abuse  
Cool down my little sister, all the Sinhala people are descendent of Simha the Lion ! No Tamils neither Indians, but Lions !!

Nice education BTW !
MarkLevinson
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 01:36:06 GMT  Report for Abuse  
The coastal Sinhala Karawa, Durawa and Salagama people are mainly Tamil and other South Indians origin but sadly the descendants of Tamils are the ardent defenders of Sinhala Buddhist chauvinism and anti Tamil racism today.


Holy Cow!!!

Facinating indeed.........hereby I am going to award Thivya with the award.....LNP Yarnspinner Laureate award :):):):):)
Thivya
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 01:42:42 GMT  Report for Abuse  
Holy Cow!

Facinating indeed.........hereby I am going to award Thivya with the award.....LNP Yarnspinner Laureate award :):):):):)


ML,

I guess you like to give the http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia to the LNP Yarnspinner Laureate award. I didn't spin anything in here. :))) LOL


Edited By - Thivya - 15 Sep 2008 08:22:20 GMT
MarkLevinson
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 01:51:09 GMT  Report for Abuse  
Thivya,
http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia


Who is this encylopedia station master?????
Thivya
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 01:55:47 GMT  Report for Abuse  
Who is this encylopedia station master?????


ML,

Just do a google search, you will get all the information of my post. OK :))
laliths
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 02:18:33 GMT  Report for Abuse  
He he, I am a Tamil, I am a Tamil.

Uda paninimin kiyanne!

Ara Soysa ara, Killinochiyata udin ara!

Thanks Thivya for the Sunday night funnies. You made my day. Knowing this I can rest in Peace.

Please somebody stop me rolling on the floor giggling.
Imperator
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 03:34:36 GMT  Report for Abuse  
The coastal Sinhala Karawa, Durawa and Salagama people are mainly Tamil


OMG that means I'm also Tamil! I've been supporting the wrong side all along! I think even MR is Tamil, according to Thivya's great logic! We are all guilty of SELF-GENOCIDE (TM)!
Thivya
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 03:37:52 GMT  Report for Abuse  
OMG that means I'm also Tamil! I've been supporting the wrong side all along! I think even MR is Tamil, according to Thivya's great logic! We are all guilty of SELF-GENOCIDE (TM)!


Imperator,

There are so many articles in google about this subject. Please challenge them all. I also don't like to hear that the Tamil blood is running in these Sinhala racists veins. :)))



Edited By - Thivya - 15 Sep 2008 03:46:47 GMT
Imperator
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LK Information  15 Sep 2008 04:22:35 GMT  Report for Abuse  
Thivya,

I agree that most Sri Lankans of all races have mixed family trees, but you're seriously going overboard with all your crap. I can take your argument and say that Tamils also have Sinhala blood in their veins. And it's true too!
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